Allah the Exalted, says in
the Holy Quran:
Verily, the first house
(of worship) appointed from mankind was that at bakkah full of
blessing, and a guidance for al-Alameen ( the mankind and jinns).
( Soorah Aale-Imran (3) 96)
Allah the Exalted says in the Holy Quran:
As Abrahim raised the
foundation of the Shrine together with Ismail (they prayed) Our
Lord, accept this from us, your are the hearer the all knower.
The Construction of the Ka'abah.
The ka'abah is a cubical room built of stone in the middle of
Masjid al-Haram and is 11.4 meters tall. One the corner of the
east - south walls is the stone of Hajjar-i aswad, which is over
one meter above the ground. The Ka'abah has a door on the east
wall. 1.88 meters above the ground, the door is 1.7 meters wide
and 2.6 meters high. Ka'aba was rebuild various times.
The focus of the pilgrimage is Ka’abah which was rebuilt by
Prophet Ibrahim (peace be upon him) some 4000 years ago. Today,
Ka’ba stands in the middle of a large courtyard of
Masjid-el-Haram or the sacred Mosque. The courtyard of
Masjid-el-Haram contains, besides Ka’ba, the Muqam-e-Ibrahim
(place of Ibrahim) and the fountain of Zumzum. Ka’bah is the
first house ever that was built for the worship of One and Only
God, Allah. It is also called “Bait-Ullah” (House of Allah),
“Bait-ul-Ateeq” (the Oldest House), and Baitul Ma’amoor
(Inhabited House). Muslims, all over the world, face towards
Ka'abab to offer their prayers.
Hadrat Ibrahim (peace be upon him) laid a foundation stone for
a community in a deserted place by the order of All-Mighty
Allah. Then he settled his wife, Hajira, and his son, Ishmael,
at this place. There was no water and there was no food. Allah
made provisions for ZamZam water at that place. Slowly the place
became populated and was called Bekka or Mekka. This was the
place where Hadrat Ibrahim (peace be upon him) found lost signs
of the first House of Allah that was built for His worship and
re-built this house with the help of his son. He fervently
prayed to Allah to make this house the “Place for Humanity”.
Towards the end of the fifth century, the Quraysh, a tribe which
had settled in the Makkhan valley, took control of the Ka'abah.
the Prophet Abraham’s message of the One God was gradually
forgotten and pagan idolaters violated the sacred Ka'abah. until
the Prophet Muhammad, peace be upon him came and destroy the
pagan idols in the Ka'abah. The Mosque and the city then
prospered as the centre of Islam. Ka'abab was rebuild various