During Hajjatul-Weda (Farewell Hajj) on the tenth of Hijrah, the
Prophet delivered a speech to pilgrims:
All thanks are due to Allah, whom we thank, seek for help. Invoke
for forgiveness and repent to. We seek refuge with Allah from the
evils within ourselves and from the burden of our evil deeds. He
whom Allah guides will never be missed and he whom He misguides No
body can guide him I bear witness that there is no deity worthy of
worship except Allah Alone,
Who is without partners, and that Muhammad is his slave and
O slaves of Allah! I recommend you to
have fear from Allah and encourage you to obey him, starting my
speech with that which is better.
O people! Hear from me and I will
explain to you, for I do not know if I will meet you after this year
of yours and this gathering of yours (at' Arafah).
O people! Verily your blood and
property are sacred to one another (i.e., Muslims) until you meet
your Lord, like the sanctity of this day of yours, in this month of
yours and in this city of yours. Verily, you will meet your Lord and
he will ask you about your actions, and I have indeed conveyed.
Therefore, anyone among you who was entrusted let him give the trust
back to those who entrusted them (upon request). Verily, every
transaction of Riba (usury) is annulled, but you will have only your
capital. You will neither commit injustice, nor will you be wronged.
Allah has decided that there should be no more Riba, and the Riba of
Al-Abbas bin Abdul Muttalib (the Prophet's uncle) is also annulled.
Verily, all blood feuds from the
time of Jahiliyyah (the Pre-Islamic era of ignorance and polytheism)
are annulled. I start with annulling the blood feud of the son of
Rabiah bin Al-Harith bin Abdul Muttalib, who was nursed in the area
of the tribe of Bani Laith, and whom the tribe of Huthail killed. It
is the first blood feud from the time of Jahiliyyah that I annul.
Virtues prized during the jahiliyyah all annulled, except As-Sidanah
(maintaining the Ka'ba) and As-Siqayah (providing the pilgrims with
water). Verily, intentional murder warrants the law of Equality
(execution, unless relatives of the victim accept blood money and
forgive), while semi intentional murder is that which results from
being killed by a staff, or rock and warrants a Diyyah (blood
money) of a hundred camels. He was raises this amount will be among
the people of Jahiliyyah.
O people! Satan has given up hope that
he will ever be worshipped in this land of yours, so he is content
that he is obeyed in whatever remains other than that, especially
the evil acts that you belittle. Therefore, beware of his danger to
You have rights on your wives and they have right son you. you have
the right that they do not allow someone you dislike to step on your
home and that they do not commit ill-conduct. If they do then Allah
has allowed you to refuse to share their beds, and beat them lightly
(if it is useful) but if they refrain and return to obedience, then
they have the right on you to be spent on and clothed, according to
what is reasonable. Treat women kindly, for they are your helpers
and do not own any benefit for the mselves. You took them (as wives)
by Allah's Covenant and allowed to enjoy them sexually by Allah's
Word Therefore, fear Allah regards to women and treat kindly.
O people! Comprehend my words, for I
have indeed conveyed (the Message). I have left with you two things,
and if you hold to them, you will never fall into misguidance, for
they are plain and clear: the book of Allah (the Qur'an) and the
sunnah of his prophet.
Hear my statement and comprehend it know that every Muslim is the
brother of the Muslim and that all Muslims are brethren. No Muslim
is allowed from his brother's property except what he gives away
with a good heart, so do not wrong each other. I ask you by Allah
have I conveyed? They said yes, by Allah! The Messenger of Allah
said, O Allah be the witness, do not revert to disbelief (become
infidels) after me by striking the necks (cutting the throats) of
one another (killing each other).
O people! Your Lord is one and your
father is one, All Mankind is from Adam and Adam was created from
dust. Verily, the most honorable of you with Allah is that
(believer) who has Al-Taqwa (piety) verily an Arab has no virtue
above a nonarab except by the Taqwa have I conveyed? They said yes"
he said it is incumbent upon those who are present to convey this
information to those is absent.
O people! Allah has appointed a
designated share for each rightful inheritor, so there is no will
for a rightful inheritor. None should give away more than a third of
his will. The child belong to the bed (where he born), and for the
adulterer is the stone (i.e. deprivation) verily, he who claims a
father other than his own father, or takes possession of a dependent
other than his own, then on him will be the curse of Allah the
angels, and all of mankind, and Allah will not accept from him any
prayer or fast. May Allah’s peace and blessings be unto you.