1 The Ihram and intention from
If a pilgrim wishes to be ritually pure for Umrah, he should cut
puabek hair and take a bath as he would after sexual defilement, if
convenient. He should perfume his head and beard with the best oil
he can find. There is no harm in what remains of it after Ihram.
Bathing for Ihram is Sunnah for both men and women, then from Miqat
put on the tow-piece garment of ihram (izar and rida) which
preferably should be of white cloth. This applies to men only. A
woman also makes Shawer but she does not use makeup, and she may
wear any clothes she has available as long as they do not display
her adornments. She should be completely covered except of her face
Than he prays the obligatory prayer, if it is time. Otherwise, he
makes his intention by praying the two Sunnah Rakats, by saying
“Labbayka umra" or Labbayka Allahumma Umrra”.
If he fears that something will prevent him from completing his
Umrah or Hajj he should make a condition when he makes his
"If I am prevented by any
obstacle my place is wherever I am held up."
If he has no such fear, he doesn't make this condition,
When he finishes he should say:
Here I am at your service, O Lord, here I am no partner do you have.
here I am Truly, the praise and the favor is yours, and the dominion
no partner do you have. Men should utter this
aloud while women should say it silently. He should also ask Allah
for His pleasure, for Heaven and seek refuge in Allah's mercy from
Hellfire.One should say the Talbeeyah during Umrah as often as
possible, starting from the time he puts on his Ihram till he starts
Tawaf.During Hajj he should say it starting from the time he puts on
his Ihram till he starts to stone Jamrah Al-Aqaba on the Eid day.
Upon reaching the Holy Mosque in
Makkah, it is desirable that the pilgrim enter the Holy Mosque from
Bab Al- Salam if possible. The Pilgrim should advance his/ her right
foot first and say:
Bismillah was-salatu was-sa lamu ala rasuli llah ,Audhu
billahi-l- azeem wa bewajhihi-l Kareem wa sultaanihi- l- qdeem min-ashaytaani-
rajeem, Allahumma Iftah lee abwaaba rahmatik.
In the name of Allah and blessing and peace be upon Allah's
Massenger,I seek refugee in Allah the almighty and his noble
countenance and his eternal power from Satan. O Allah, pardon my
sins and open the gates of your mercy for me.
God Almighty bestow more honor glory respect and awe on this house
bestow more honor and respect on whoever comes to it in hajj or
umrah out of honor respect, glory and devotion.
He approaches the Black Stone, touches it with his right hand and
kisses it. If this isn't possible, he should face the Black Stone
and point to it. It is best not to push and causing harm and being
harmed by other people.
When touching the Stone, a pilgrim should say the following:
"In the name of Allah, Allah
is the greatest. Oh, Allah, with faith in you, belief in Your book,
loyalty to you, compliance to the way of your Prophet Muhammad
(peace and blessings of Allah be upon him)."
Apart from this supplicaation, it is highly creditable if the
pilgrim recites the following duwa in the Tawaf:
Allah is Holy. Allah is praise -
worthy. There is no deity save Allah and Allah is great. And Allah
is omnipotent. (Ibn Majah).
A pilgrim must walk, keeping the Ka'bah on his left. When he reaches
the Rukn Al Yamani he should touch, but not kiss it, and say:
Rabbana atina fid
dunya hasanatan wa fil akhirrati hasanatan wa qina adhaban-nar. “Our
Lord, grant us good in this life and good in the hereafter and save
us from the punishment of the Hell fire. Oh Allah, I beg of you for
forgiveness and health in this life and in the Hereafter." Each time
he passes the Black Stone he should say:
"Allah is the
During the remainder of his Tawaf he may say what he pleases of
supplications, mentioning Allah, and recitation of Quran. This is
because Tawaf, Sa'yi, and Stoning the Jamrah have been devised for
the purpose of mentioning Allah.
During this Tawaf it is
necessary for a man to do two things:
Al-ldhtebaa' from the beginning of Tawaf until the end of Tawaf. Al-ldhtebaa'
means placing the middle of one's Reda' under his right arm and the
ends of it over his left shoulder.
Al-Raml during the first three circuits. Al-Raml means speeding up
one's pace with small steps. A pilgrim should walk at a normal pace
during his last four circuits.
3 Two rakats of Tawaf
When he completes seven circuits of Tawaf, he approaches Maqam
Ibrahim and recites:
"And take ye the station of
Abraham as a place of Prayer" Chapter 2, Verse 125 [2:125].
He prays two short Rakaas, as close as conveniently possible, behind
During the first Rakaa he recites Surah Al-Kafirun [Chapter 109] and
during the second one Surah Al-lkhlas[Chapter 112].
Al- Hajar Al-Aswad
After performing the two rakats of Tawaf, the Holy prophet returned
to the corner of kaaba and kissed the black Stone A naration says
that he merely touched it. Yet another narration from Zamzam Water.
4 Zamzam water
Zamzam water is the name of the famous well in Al-masjid Al-haram it
is situated at a distance of thirty cubits away from Ka'aba.
"Musnad Ahmad"says that after the two rakats of Tawaf the Holy
prophet drank water of Zamzam and poured it over his head and then
he went to touch the Black stone. The Holy prophet drank Zamzam
water standing but this does not indicate that a person, while
sitting should get up to drink zamzam water, because there is no
command in this regard. Abdullah bin Abbas used to insist on people
to drink Zamzam water in three breaths saying:
In the beginning he also used to recite the following supplication
after drinking Zamzam water.
O Allah! I ask
earnestly the beneficial knowledge, the excessive provisions and
healing against all the suffering and disease.
When he completes the two Rakaats he should return to the Black
Stone and touch it, if convenient. He goes out to the Masa'a and
when he nears As-Safaa he recites:
and Al-Marwa are counted as rites of the divine service of god.
Then he mounted Al-safa till he could see the Ka'abah, and facing
the qibla and raising his hands, he declared god's unity and
proclaimed his greatness (Takbir) Then he recited the following
supplication three times.
There is no deity but Allah alone
he has no partner. To him belongs the dominion. To him praise is due
and he is omnipotent. There is no deity but Allah alone who
fulfilled his promise helped his servant and routed the
He then made
supplication in the course of that saying such word three times. He
next descended and walked towards Al- Marwa and when, he ran between
to green lights and he walked till he reached Al-Marwa and could see
the ka'abah. There he does as he had done at Al-safa. He ran between
Al-Safa and Al-Marwa seven times repeating the aforesaid
supplication and finally ended at Al-Marwa.
During his Sa'i he may recite what he wills of supplications,
recitation of Qur'an, and mentioning Allah.
In completion of Sa'i he shaves his head or shorten his hair. A
woman clips her hair the length of a finger tip.
With that, Umrah is completed. And a pilgrim is free to dress in
other clothing, wear perfume and engage in marital relations, etc.