Eid is an Arabic word which means "a
day which returns often."
Eid-ul-Fitr is celebrated on the 1st day of the month of Shawwal. The
month of Shawwal start after the month of fasting, that is why it is also
called the festival of the breaking of the fast. Fasting in the month of
Ramadhan is one of the five pillars of Islam. It is, therefore, a
practical requirement of the faith and is regarded as and act of devotion.
While Eid is an occasion for joy and happiness, it is certainly not an
occasion to indulge in frivolity, over-eating and mere pursuit of
pleasure. The main purpose is always to seek the pleasure of Allah
almighty by glorifying Him and rendering thanks to Him for having enabled
them to perform their duties duly.
Sadaqat-ul-Fitr or Fitrana
On such an auspicious and
festive occasion, Muslims are specially reminded of their obligations
towards the poorer section of society. A special contribution called 'Sadaqat-ul-Fitr'
or 'Fitrana' is fixed for this purpose. The contribution should be paid by
the head of the family on behalf of all the members of the family. It is
desireable to pay this contribution before the Eid service in order to
enable the poor to join in the festivities of the day.