|Ibn Ishaaq stated that he was a man of Rum. His name was Job, Ibn
Mose, Ibn Razeh, Ibn Esau, Ibn Isaac (PBUH), Ibn Abraham (PBUH). Someone
else said he was Job, Ibn Mose, Ibn R'imil, Ibn Esau, Ibn Isaac, Ibn
Jacob. There have also been other statements on his lineage. Ibn 'Asaker
narrated that his mother was a daughter of Lot (PBUH). It was said, also,
that his father was one who believed in Abraham (PBUH) when he was cast
into the fire.
The first opinion is the most plausable, because he was a descendant of
Abraham's offspring as Allah Almighty declared: "And that was Our proof
which We gave Abraham against his people. We raise whom We will in
degrees. Certainly your Lord is All-Wise, All-Knowing. And We bestowed
upon him Isaac and Jacob, each of them We guided, and before him, We
guided Noah, and among his progeny David, Solomon, Job, Joseph, Moses, and
Aaron. Thus do We reward the good-doers." Surah 6: 83-84
Allah the Almighty praised His worshiper Job in His Glorious Qur'an:
"Truly! We found him patient. How excellent (a) slave! Verily, he was ever
oft-returning in repentance (to Us)!" Surah 38: 44
Job (PBUH) was repentant, remembering Allah with thankfulness,
patience, and steadfastness. This was the cause of his rescue and the
secret of Allah's praising him.
A group of angels were discussing Allah's other human creatures, how
those who were humble earned Allah's pleasure, while those who were
arrogant incurred His displeasure. One of the angels remarked: "The best
creature on earth today is Job, a man of noble character who displays
great patience and always remembers his Generous Lord. He is an excellent
model for the worshipers of Allah. In return, his Lord has blessed him
with a long life and plenty of riches, yet he is never haughty or selfish.
His family, his servants, as well as the needy and the poor share in his
good fortune; he feeds and clothes the poor and buys slaves to set them
free, He makes those who receive his charity feel as if they are favoring
him, so kind and gentle is he."
Iblis, overhearing all this, became annoyed. He planned to tempt Job to
corruption and disbelief, so he hastened to him. He tried to distract Job
from his prayers by whispering to him about the good things in life, but
Job was a true believer and would not let evil thoughts tempt him. This
disturbed Iblis more; thus he began to hate Job even more.
Iblis complained to Allah about Job. He said that although he was
continuously glorifying Allah, he was not doing so out of his sincerity
but to satisfy Allah so that his wealth should not be taken away. It was
all a show, all out of greed. "If You remove his wealth then You will find
that his tongue will no longer mention Your name and his praying will
Allah told Iblis that Job was one of His most sincere devotees. He did
not worship Him because of the favors; his worship stemmed from his heart
and had nothing to do with material things. But to prove to Iblis the
depth of Job's sincerity and patience, Allah allowed him to do whatever he
and his helpers wished with Job's wealth.
Iblis was very happy. He gathered his helpers and set about destroying
Job's cattle, servants, and farms until he was left with no possessions.
Rubbing his hands in glee, Iblis appeared before Job in the guise of a
wise old man and said to him: "All your wealth is lost. Some people say
that it is because you gave too much charity and that you are wasting your
time with your continuous prayers to Allah. Others say that Allah has
brought this upon you in order to please your enemies. If Allah had the
capacity to prevent harm, then He would have protected your wealth."
True to his belief, Job replied: "What Allah has taken away from me
belongs to Him. I was only its trustee for a while. He gives to whom He
wills and withholds from whom He wills." With these words, Job again
prostrated to his Lord.
When Iblis saw this, he felt frustrated, so he again addressed Allah:
"I have stripped Job of all his possessions, but he still remains grateful
to You. However, he is only hiding his disappointment, for he places great
store by his many children. The real test of a parent is through his
children. You will then see how Job will reject You."
Allah granted Iblis authority, but warned him that it would not reduce
Job's faith in his Lord nor his patience.
Iblis again gathered his helpers and set about his evil deeds. He shook
the foundation of the house in which Job's children were living and sent
the building crashing, killing all of them. Then he went to Job disguised
as a man who had come to sympathise with him. In a comforting tone he said
to Job: "The circumstances under which your children died were sad.
Surely, your Lord is not rewarding you properly for all your prayers."
Having said this, Iblis waited anxiously, hoping Job was now ready to
But again Job disappointed him by replying: "Allah sometimes gives and
sometimes takes. He is sometimes pleased and sometimes displeased with our
deeds. Whether a thing is beneficial or harmful to me, I will remain firm
in my belief and remain thankful to my Creator." Then Job prostrated to
his Lord. At this Iblis was extremely vexed.
Iblis again called on Allah. "O my Lord, Job's wealth is gone, his
children are dead, but he is still healthy in body, and as long as he
enjoys good health he will continue to worship You in the hope of
regaining his wealth and producing more children. Grant me authority over
his body so that I may weaken it. He will surely neglect worshipping You
and will thus become disobedient."
Allah wanted to teach Iblis a lesson that Job was a devoted servant of
his Lord, so He granted Iblis his third request but placed a condition: "I
give you authority over his body but not over his soul, intellect, or
heart, for in these places reside the knowledge of Me and My
Armed with this new authority, Iblis began to take revenge on Job's
body and filled it with disease until it was reduced to mere skin and bone
and he suffered severe pain. But through all the suffering Job remained
strong in his faith, patiently bearing all the hardships without
complaining. Allah's righteous servant did not despair or turn to others
for help but remained hopeful of Allah's mercy. Even close relatives and
friends deserted him. Only his kind, loving wife stayed with him. In his
hour of need, she showered her kindness on him and cared for him. She
remained his sole companion and comforter through the many years of his
Ibn 'Asaker narrated: "Job was a man having much wealth of all kinds:
beasts, slaves, sheep, vast lands of Haran and many children. All those
favors were taken from him and he was physically afflicted as well. Never
a single organ was sound except his heart and tongue, with both of which
he glorified Allah, the Almighty all the time day and night. His disease
lasted for a long time until his visitors felt disgusted with him. His
friends kept away from him, and people abstained from visiting him. No one
felt sympathy for him except his wife. She took good care of him, knowing
his former charity and pity for her."
Therefore, Iblis became desperate. He consulted his helpers, but they
could not advise him. They asked: "How is it that your cleverness cannot
work against Job, yet you succeeded in misleading Adam, the father of man,
out of Paradise?"
Iblis went to Job's wife in the form of a man. "Where is your husband?"
he asked her.
She pointed to an almost lifeless form crumpled on the bed and said:
"There he is, suspended between life and death."
Iblis reminded her of the days when Job had good health, wealth and
children. Suddenly, the painful memory of years of hardship overcame her,
and she burst into tears. She said to Job: "How long are you going to bear
this torture from our Lord? Are we to remain without wealth, children or
friends forever? Why don't you call upon Allah to remove this
Job sighed, and in a soft voice replied: "Iblis must have whispered to
you and made you dissatisfied. Tell me, how long did I enjoy good health
She replied: "For eighty years."
Then Job asked: "How long am I suffering like this?"
She said: "For seven years."
Job then told her: "In that case I am ashamed to call on my Lord to
remove the hardship, for I have not suffered longer than the years of good
health and plenty. It seems your faith has weakened and you are
dissatisfied with the fate of Allah. If I ever regain health, I swear I
will punish you with a hundred strokes! From this day onward, I forbid
myself to eat or drink anything from your hand. Leave me alone and let my
Lord do with me as He pleases."
Crying bitterly and with a heavy heart, she had no choice but to leave
him and seek shelter elsewhere. In this helpless state, Job turned to
Allah, not to complain but to seek His mercy: ""Verily, distress has
seized me, and You are the Most Merciful of all those who show mercy."
So We answered his call, and We removed the distress that was on him,
and We restored his family to him (that he had lost), and the like thereof
along with them - as a mercy from Ourselves and a Reminder for all who
worship Us."" Surah 21: 83-84
Almighty Allah also instructed: "And remember Our slave Job, when he
invoked his Lord (saying): "Verily! Satan has touched me with distress (by
losing my health) and torment (by losing my wealth)!" Allah said to him:
"Strike the ground with your foot: This is a spring of water to wash in,
cool and a (refreshing) drink." And We gave him (back) his family, and
along with them the like thereof, as a Mercy from Us, and a reminder for
those who understand. "Surah 38: 41-43
Job obeyed, and almost immediately his good health was restored.
Meanwhile, his faithful wife could no longer bear to be parted from her
husband and returned to him to beg his forgiveness, desiring to serve him.
On entering her house, she was amazed at the sudden change: Job was again
healthy! She embraced him and thanked Allah for His mercy.
Job was now worried, for he had taken an oath to punish her with a
hundred strokes if he regained health, but he had no desire to hurt her.
He knew if he did not fulfill the oath, he would be guilty of breaking a
promise to Allah. Therefore, in His wisdom and mercy, Allah came to the
assistance of His faithful servant, and advised him: "And take in your
hand a bundle of thin grass and strike therewith (your wife), and break
not your oath." Truly! We found him patient. How excellent (a) slave!
Verily, he was ever oft-returning in repentance (to Us)!"" Surah 38:44
Abu Hurairah (may Allah be pleased with him) narrated that the Prophet
Muhammad (PBUH) said: "While Job was naked, taking a bath, a swarm of gold
locusts fell on him, and he started collecting them in his garment. His
Lord called him: 'O Job! Have I not made you too rich to need what you
see?' He said: 'Yes, O Lord! But I cannot shun Your Blessings." Sahih